ii. God promised that Eli’s two sons would die on the same day as a sign of judgment on the house of Eli (1 Samuel 2:34). 3 - 9. i. The Israelites camped at Ebenezer, ( A) and the Philistines at Aphek. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. The word— That is, the word of the Lord revealed to Samuel, and by him to the people. Let us bring the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD from Shiloh to us, that when it comes among us it may save us from the hand of our enemies.” So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from there the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD of hosts, who dwells. : The glory of God, displayed by the Ark of the Covenant, had departed from Israel. 10, 11. (12-18) The birth of Ichabod. Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines. 1 Samuel Chapter 8 Summary. (6-9) The Philistines’ fear of the Ark of the Covenant. God forbid that we should judge any man’s worship! So the Philistines were afraid, for they said, “God has come into the camp!” And they said, “Woe to us! To reflect her anguish and the national tragedy upon Israel she named the child Ichabod, meaning, “The glory has departed from Israel.”. i. Under Eli and his sons (1 Samuel 2:22-25; 1 Samuel 4:17-18) and also under the two sons of Samuel (1 Samuel 8:1-2) the office of the judge crumbles into pieces. There was nothing wrong with the ark itself. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. God tells us much in prophecy, but not everything. According to an unfounded Jewish tradition, this unnamed messenger from the tribe of, Eli, sitting on a seat by the wayside watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God. (10,11) The death of Eli. Now when he came, there was Eli, sitting on a seat by the wayside watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God. And when the people had come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, “Why has the LORD defeated us today before the Philistines? It was important to Israel. 2. When she heard the news: Poor wife of Phinehas! Hymns for 1 Samuel 4. 1 Samuel Chapter 4 Summary. God raises up two kings, one proud and the other humble. The Israelites camped in the place call Ebenezer. note on 1 Samuel 4:21. the two sons of Eli … were there with the ark] It seems best to follow the Sept. and Vulg. God is a Person, not a genie to be summoned at the will of man. 3. Also the ark of God was captured; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, died. “There are plenty of Christians, like these elders, who, when they find themselves beaten by the world and the devil, puzzle their brains to invent all sorts of reasons for God’s smiting, except the true one, – their own departure from Him.” (Maclaren). Now his daughter-in-law, Phinehas’ wife, was with child, to be delivered; and when she heard the news that the ark of God was captured, and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and gave birth, for her labor pains came upon her. But do not be so foolish as to suppose that because there is loud noise there must also be faith. All Rights Reserved. (1-9) The ark taken. Eli was rightly more concerned about the fate of the ark than the fate of his sons. 2 Then the Philistines put themselves in … The king they appoint will take their daughters to work his palace as cooks, bakers, and confectionaries, and he will slightly oppress the people. The story of Samuel begins with, funnily enough, the birth of Samuel. “Had they humbled themselves, and prayed devoutly and fervently for success, they would have been heard and saved. Israel made an idol of the ark and God often deals with our idolatry by taking the idol away. As it turned out, God did not feel obligated to bless the Israelites just because they took the ark into battle. And he had judged Israel forty years. 4. 1. Eli fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and he died, : Eli fell over and died at the news of the ark (. They are routed and the Philistines capture the ark. It wasn’t the news of Israel’s loss in battle, or the slaughter of the army, or even the news of the death of his own sons that killed him. I Bless His Name; It Is God Who Holds the Nations; Hymns for 1 Samuel 8 Hymns for 1 Samuel 9. More Samuel Quizzes. The … 1 Samuel 4 - NIV: And Samuel’s word came to all Israel. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas. Faith is a still water, it flows deep. This was a difficult period for Israel. Quick outline of 1 Samuel. But for all the appearances, it was really. Also your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead; and the ark of God has been captured.” Then it happened, when he made mention of the ark of God, that Eli fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and he died, for the man was old and heavy. He wouldn’t allow His arm to be twisted by the superstitions of the Israelites. They bring the ark into the camp, which affrights the Philistines, ver. Later, Saul brought the ark into battle (1 Samuel 14:18), as did David (2 Samuel 11:11). Instead, God was just beginning to show His glory. ii. Worried about His reputation? The Philistine people beg their leaders to return the ark to the Israelites. The Philistines were camping in the place called Aphek. 1 Kings 1… Soon after, Samuel was brought to the tabernacle to serve God. Hannah gives Samuel to Israel’s chief priest, Eli, to be raised as a Nazirite. Many circumstances that we regard as a calamity, God uses in a marvelous way to glorify Himself. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. “And he died”: As was the case with Hophni and Phinehas, Eli died. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Yet we often resist God as well, instead of submitting to Him. (1-2) Israel is defeated before the Philistines. At that moment, did God wring His hands in heaven, worried about how things would turn out? i. “Their idea was that God should be, to fight for them. To her, the loss was total, and she even lost the desire to live. And when the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD came into the camp, all Israel shouted so loudly that the earth shook. (19-22) More tragedy among the family of Eli. Instead of giving up when things look bad we should trust the LORD and fight all the harder and decide we will not give up. They believed the presence of the ark would make God work for them. ii. A man of Benjamin ran from the battle line the same day, and came to Shiloh: The battle was fought near Aphek (1 Samuel 4:1), and it was at least 20 miles from Aphek to Shiloh. And he had judged Israel forty years." Eli was ninety-eight years old, and his eyes were so dim that he could not see. 3 f Now the boy Samuel was ministering to the Lord in the presence of Eli. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Eli and his daughter-in-law die when they hear the disturbing news. Courage and persistence win many battles, even sometimes for the wrong side. ii. And she said, “The glory has departed from Israel, for the ark of God has been captured.”. Summary After losing to the Philistines, the Israelites bring the ark with them into battle. Second, the Israelites felt the battle would be easy with the ark of the Covenant there and did not try as hard. Instead, God was just, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . iv. For such a thing has never happened before. Hannah gives Samuel to Israel’s chief priest, Eli, to be raised as a Nazirite. Instead of humbly repenting and seeking God, they turned to methods that God never approved. 1 And Samuel’s word came to all Israel. 2 He had two wives; one was called Hannah and the other Peninnah. Who will deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? Yet the Israelites thought and acted just like pagans, thinking they could manipulate God and force Him into doing what they wanted Him to do. b. These were some of the traditional signs of mourning. Now Israel went out to battle against the Philistines, and encamped beside Ebenezer; and the Philistines encamped in Aphek. The Philistines came to fight with the Israelites. Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. : The priests who were supposed to supervise the ark were killed in the battle. : They regarded the ark as the ultimate “good luck charm” and believed they could not lose with it there. 1 Samuel 4:18 "And it came to pass, when he made mention of the ark of God, that he fell from off the seat backward by the side of the gate, and his neck brake, and he died: for he was an old man, and heavy. Kept in the most holy place of the tabernacle, the people never saw it. Woe to us! was the representation of the throne of God in Israel. (1 Samuel 4:1), and it was at least 20 miles from Aphek to Shiloh. (10-11) The ark goes into battle and Israel is defeated worse than before. All the noise and excitement meant nothing because it wasn’t grounded in God’s truth. Then a man of Benjamin ran from the battle line the same day, and came to Shiloh with his clothes torn and dirt on his head. Eli was ninety-eight years old, and his eyes were so dim that he could not see. They bring the ark into the camp, which affrights the Philistines, ver. Faith is a still water, it flows deep. 1. Ver. The loss which prompted them to take the ark resulted in the death of about four thousandmen of Israel (1 Samuel 4:2). They only cared if it, i. b. g And the word of the Lord was rare in those days; there was no frequent vision.. 2 At that time Eli, h whose eyesight had begun to grow dim so that he could not see, was lying down in his own place. Who will deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? iii. c. Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines: The presence of the ark did not make the Philistines feel like giving up. 4. Lucky for the Philistines, God was against Israel in this cause. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. But they were wrong in the way they sought help. 1. To reflect her anguish and the national tragedy upon Israel she named the child, But she did not answer, nor did she regard it. ii. God tells us much in prophecy, but not everything. 1 Samuel 7:12 "Then Samuel took a stone, and set [it] between Mizpeh and Shen, and called the name of it Ebenezer, saying, Hitherto hath the LORD helped us." Sin, the accursed thing, was in the camp, and gave … God commanded them to make it. Chapter Overview: Israel smitten by the Philistines, ver. According to other passages, after the Philistines defeated the Israeli army they went on to destroy the city of Shiloh itself (Psalm 78:60-64, Jeremiah 7:12 and 26:9). (12-18) The birth of Ichabod. Samuel 1-3 Bible MCQ Quiz: Trivia! Trivia The Book Of First Samuel Quiz! True faith in God may express itself with leaping and with shouting; and it is a happy thing when it does: but it can also sit still before the Lord, and that perhaps is a happier thing still.” (Spurgeon), Now when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, “What does the sound of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews mean?” Then they understood that the ark of the LORD had come into the camp. Then a man of Benjamin ran from the battle line the same day, and came to Shiloh with his clothes torn and dirt on his head. We often make the same mistake, believing that if God is with us, we don’t need to try so hard. Israel smitten by the Philistines, ver. How could God allow something so terrible to happen? Pregnant, she heard of the death of her husband, her brother-in-law, her father-in-law, a slaughter among the soldiers of Israel, a lost battle, and the capture of the Ark of the Covenant all on one day. “No sword of a Philistine could have slain him any more powerfully; neither can you say whether his neck or his heart were broken first.” (Trapp). 11-20), receives an eternal covenant promise (2 Sam. And Jonathan spake good of David.] Secondly, God allowed it as a correction to the nation, so they would not trust in the ark of God, instead of trusting in the God of the ark. They believed the presence of the ark would make God work for them. Some manuscript traditions (evident in the Septuagint) make it clear the Philistines started this conflict. Knowledge wasn’t their problem. And I fled today from the battle line.” And he said, “What happened, my son?” So the messenger answered and said, “Israel has fled before the Philistines, and there has been a great slaughter among the people. “Never did time seem more hopeless than when Samuel arose. And when the people had come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, “Why has the LORD defeated us today before the Philistines? : Instead of trusting in the ark, they should be more concerned that the ark was served and carried by priests who had forsaken the LORD. The king will take their land and give to his own servants, this is what the kings of other nations do. The Philistines, strengthened not merely by a constant influx of immigrants, but by the importation of arms from Greece, were fast reducing Israel to the condition of a subject race.” (Smith, Pulpit Commentary). The Ark of the Covenant was the representation of the throne of God in Israel. True faith in God may express itself with leaping and with shouting; and it is a happy thing when it does: but it can also sit still before the Lord, and that perhaps is a happier thing still.” (Spurgeon). The Philistines were an immigrant people from the military aristocracy of the island of Crete (Amos 9:7). Their shouting proved both their vanity and irreligion.” (Clarke), : “Now, beloved, when you are worshipping God, shout if you are filled with holy gladness. ii. The Philistines now held it. (12-18) The birth of Ichabod. i. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. Submission to God was. The anguish was too great, and, : For a Jewish woman, the birth of a son was wonderful news – but not for the wife of Phinehas on this day. They knew it was unusual – even unheard of – for the Israelites to bring the ark into battle (For such a thing has never happened before), and they knew the God of Israel defeated the Egyptians (who struck the Egyptians with all the plagues). 1 Samuel 19:4 And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David; because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works [have been] to thee-ward very good:. iii. Summary 1 Samuel 4: After losing to the Philistines, the Israelites bring the ark with them into battle. departed in one sense. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. c. The glory has departed: The glory of God, displayed by the Ark of the Covenant, had departed from Israel. In addition, the Philistines had a competent general who ordered them to calm down and fight like men. But she did not answer, nor did she regard it: Her grief was so great, it overcame her maternal joy at the birth of her son. But since his death is recorded in chapter 25, it’s unlikely that he wrote both books that bear his name. 1. the word of Samuel came to all Israel --The character of Samuel as a prophet was now fully established. And she said, “The glory has departed from Israel, for the ark of God has been captured.”, : Poor wife of Phinehas! With the ark more than seven times as many men of Israel were killed. The decay in the house of Eli is so much graver as the priesthood is concerned also which ought to be the medium between God and the people. Samuel 1-3 Bible MCQ Quiz: Trivia! Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. Samuel didn’t write the whole book. “Thus as God was no loser by this event, so the Philistines were no gainers by it; and Israel, all things considered, received more good than hurt by it, as we shall see.” (Poole), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Israel thought they could ignore the God of the ark and find deliverance in the ark of God. (10,11) The death of Eli. The Philistines Capture the Ark. i. Godless Philistines can teach us something. More books related to 1 Samuel. 1 Samuel Overview Now Israel went out to battle against the Philistines, and encamped beside Ebenezer; and the Philistines encamped in Aphek. In this respect most of us have imitated them. The Israelites probably felt they were better than the Philistines because the Philistines were pagans, worshipping false gods. These were some of the traditional signs of mourning. 1, 2. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. Conduct yourselves like men, and fight!”. (19-22)1-9 Israel is smitten before the Philistines. : Her grief was so great, it overcame her maternal joy at the birth of her son. A summary of 1 Samuel 2 from @biblesummary. Kept in the most holy place of the tabernacle, the people never saw it. 1st & 2nd Samuel, Kings And Chronicles 1st & 2nd Samuel, Kings And Chronicles . , but the God of the ark was still on the throne in heaven and guiding these circumstances for His glory. They simply received what they deserved. Cp. 5. They hoped it would give confidence that God was really with them. The first part is a contrasting character study of Saul and David, showing the importance of humility in God’s people. Study 1 Samuel 4 using John Darby’s Synopsis to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. If He was not willing to do it for their sake, He would have to do it for His honour’s sake.” (Ellison). 10, 11. God forbid that we should judge any man’s worship! Finally, though it seemed so terrible to man, was it all that terrible to God? Small numbers of Philistines were in the land at the time of Abraham, but they came in larger numbers soon after Israel came to Canaan from Egypt. The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. • In chapters 1-7, Samuel is born to Hannah as a Nazirite, dedicate to God. The travail and death of his daughter - in - law, 19 - 22. d. The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were with the Ark of the Covenant of God: Instead of trusting in the ark, they should be more concerned that the ark was served and carried by priests who had forsaken the LORD. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Woe to us! It was hearing the Ark of the Covenant of God was captured. Israel demands a king (1-9) Samuel warns the people (10-18) Jehovah grants the request for a king (19-22) 9. 2. The book covers a period of 115 years from the birth of Samuel through the turbulent times of Saul to the beginning of David, the king who God chose. Nevertheless, the battle ended in disaster: Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand men. These, the gods who struck the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilderness. They were organized into five city-states. (5) Israel’s confidence in the Ark of the Covenant. ISRAEL OVERCOME BY THE PHILISTINES. b. Courage and persistence win many battles, even sometimes for the wrong side. You can check these in your browser security settings. Then the man said to Eli, “I. Instead, it made them feel they had to fight all the harder to overcome the odds. Summary . If they really believed their gods were greater than the God of Israel, they should not have been worried. d. The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, died: The priests who were supposed to supervise the ark were killed in the battle. i. They had the courage of desperate men. 1 Samuel Study Guide Chapter 1 1) How many wives did Elkanah have? The ark went in front of the marchers around the city of Jericho (Joshua 6:6-8). devoutly and fervently for success, they would have been heard and saved. Why was he so nervous? Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek. “Their idea was that God should be forced to fight for them. Book Summary: This book begins the 500 year period of the Kings of Israel – approximately between 1050 and 586BC. (10,11) The death of Eli. We should compliment the Philistines for understanding that the Ark of the Covenant represented the presence of God, and on their knowledge of Israel’s history. So, Israel’s battles were waged against her near neighbors, such as the Moabites, the Ammonites, or as here, the Philistines. If they really believed their gods were greater than the God of Israel, they should not have been worried. This day he also became the leader of the *Israelites. 1 Samuel 4 The Philistines and the Israelites have a war. The elders wanted to take this representation of the throne of God out of the holy of holies (it could be moved when the tabernacle was to be moved), cover it, and bring it into battle with them. Summary . a. Israel went out to battle against the Philistines: During this time there was no great world power (such as Egypt or Assyria) seeking to dominate the region. Now when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, “What, the sound of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews, ?” Then they understood that the ark of the LORD had come into the camp. It kind of shook or rattled the Philistines as it reminded them of what God did to the Egyptians. He told them to put the tablets of the law, a jar of manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, in the ark. Also your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead; and the ark of God has been captured.” Then it happened, when he made mention of the ark of God, that Eli fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and he died, for the man was old and heavy. there with the Ark of the Covenant of God. Come, Thou Fount of Every Blessing; God Is My Strength! Israel beaten and the ark taken, ver. b. Eli, sitting on a seat by the wayside watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God: Eli anxiously waited back at the tabernacle for news of the battle. The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, died. So, Israel’s battles were waged against her near neighbors, such as the Moabites, the Ammonites, or as here, the. a. Samuel meets with Saul (1-27) 10. In the late 1970’s, a five-line inscription was found on a grain silo in the ruins of Izbet Sarteh. 1 Samuel 4 – Capture of the Ark of the Covenant A. They are routed and the Philistines capture the ark. We, like them, often know God is greater and deserves our submission. The Ark in Kiriath-jearim (1) Samuel urges: ‘Serve only Jehovah’ (2-6) Israel’s victory at Mizpah (7-14) Samuel judges Israel (15-17) 8. ii. Eli was rightly more concerned about the fate of the ark than the fate of his sons. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. A word of command, that all Israel should go forth to fight with the Philistines, as the following words explain it, that they might he first humbled and punished for their sins, and so prepared for deliverance. If they believed the God of Israel was greater than their gods, they should have submitted to Him. 1 Samuel 4. b. : This was worse than just losing a battle. How could God allow something so terrible to happen? (1:2) Two 2) Which of Elkanah's wives had no children? “Instead of attempting to get right with God, these Israelites set about devising superstitious means of securing the victory over their foes. Sin, the accursed thing, was in the camp, and gave their enemies all the advantage they could wish for. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. Then the Philistines put themselves in battle array against Israel. After being raised by the priest Eli in temple, Samuel becomes God's number one prophet. Trivia . And he had judged Israel forty years. The Chronicler believes that Samuel recorded at least some of … Carole 25 Aug 2016, 15:46. These mighty gods: Even though they did not understand much about God, the Philistines recognized the superiority of the God of Israel. They looked to the ark to save them, not to the LORD. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. But the glory left when Israel stopped repenting and trusting God and started superstitiously trusting in the ark itself. The Philistines Capture the Ark. Certainly, this would be considered a great church service, and many would think Israel really trusted God. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. ). in omitting the word ‘there.’ The narrative requires the statement that Hophni and Phinehas accompanied the Ark, not merely that they were at Shiloh, which we know already. The Israelite army went out to fight back. ii. i. Samuel was also a *prophet because God spoke to him (chapter 3; 4:1). We think of a thousand inventions; but we neglect the one thing needful… They forget the main matter, which is to enthrone God in the life, and to seek to do His will by faith in Christ Jesus.” (Spurgeon), ii. The glory of God had departed in one sense. Their shouting proved both their vanity and irreligion.” (Clarke), b. Some manuscript traditions (evident in the Septuagint) make it clear the Philistines started this conflict. Israel’s next judge, Samuel, is born to Hannah, a previously barren woman. The Book of 1 Samuel Chapter 4. And about the time of her death the women who stood by her said to her, “Do not fear, for you have borne a son.” But she did not answer, nor did she regard it. Sin, the accursed thing, was in the camp, and gave their enemies all the advantage they could wish for. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. With the ark more than seven times as many men of Israel were killed. The very “thing” they thought would win the battle was captured. Then she named the child Ichabod: For a Jewish woman, the birth of a son was wonderful news – but not for the wife of Phinehas on this day. Summary 1 Samuel 5: The Philistines, who have the ark in their possession, are afflicted with hemorrhoids. (19-22)1-9 Israel is smitten before the Philistines. Looking at it this way, the glory had not departed at all. The book starts with the miraculous birth of Samuel in answer to his mother’s earnest prayer. The earth shook: “Now, beloved, when you are worshipping God, shout if you are filled with holy gladness. God did not announce that Eli would also die the same day. Only the high priest entered and saw the ark, and only once a year. (1-9) The ark taken. Let us bring the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD from Shiloh to us, that when it comes among us it may save us from the hand of our enemies.” So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from there the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD of hosts, who dwells between the cherubim. They were probably pleased to arrive at such a great solution. i. So, Samuel led the people as the judges did in the book of Judges. Then she named the child Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel!” because the ark of God had been captured and because of her father-in-law and her husband. But they were wrong in the way they sought help. Commentary for 1 Samuel 4 . “The glory of God had indeed departed, but not because the ark of God had been captured; the ark had been captured because the glory had already departed.” (Ellison), ii. (19-22) Commentary on 1 Samuel 4:1-9 (Read 1 Samuel 4:1-9) Israel is smitten before the Philistines. They knew it was unusual – even unheard of – for the Israelites to bring the ark into battle (, For such a thing has never happened before, ), and they knew the God of Israel defeated the Egyptians (, who struck the Egyptians with all the plagues. Israel went out to battle against the Philistines, : During this time there was no great world power (such as Egypt or Assyria) seeking to dominate the region. Test your knowledge of the bible passage: 1 Samuel 4-8. The Philistines were the first people in Canaan to process iron and they made the most of it. Worried about the Philistines and their gods? Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. a. The messenger had a long way to go, the route was mostly uphill, and he carried very bad news. The book of 1 Samuel is an exciting book split into two parts due to its large size. The Israelites recognized that their victory really came from God. Instead of humbly repenting and seeking God, they turned to methods that God never approved. 1 Samuel 4:1-11. If they believed the God of Israel was greater than their gods, they should have submitted to Him. c. That it may save us from the hand of our enemies: They regarded the ark as the ultimate “good luck charm” and believed they could not lose with it there. (1-9) The ark taken. According to an unfounded Jewish tradition, this unnamed messenger from the tribe of Benjamin was a young man named Saul. Instead, it made them feel they had to fight all the harder to overcome the odds. i. We should compliment the Philistines for understanding that the Ark of the Covenant represented the presence of God, and on their knowledge of Israel’s history. Up until this point in biblical history, the Israelites have not had a king. First, He allowed it as a righteous judgment upon Israel as a nation and the family of Eli. 1 Samuel 4 – “The Ark is Captured” David Z. Moster 08A - 1 Samuel January 2, 2010 January 2, 2010. I. Now his daughter-in-law, Phinehas’ wife, was with child, due to be delivered; and when she heard the news that the ark of God was captured, and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and gave birth, for her labor pains came upon her. (1:3) Yearly 4) Where were the sons of Eli serving as priests? When Eli heard the noise of the outcry, he said, “What, ?” And the man came quickly and told Eli. A man of Benjamin ran from the battle line the same day, and came to Shiloh. Then she named the child Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel!” because the ark of God had been captured and because of her father-in-law and her husband. 16:1-13), who, although he also falls (2 Sam. Pregnant, she heard of the death of her husband, her brother-in-law, her father-in-law, a slaughter among the soldiers of Israel, a lost battle, and the capture of the Ark of the Covenant all on one day. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. The ark went into battle before. Conduct yourselves like men, and fight!”. feel obligated to bless the Israelites just because they took the ark into battle. If the shout comes from your heart, I would not ask you to restrain it. 8-9); but he proves to be a foolish choice in light David, the king chosen by God (1Sam. They had the courage of desperate men. Part 4 - 1 Samuel chapter 4 - Philistia’s army defeats Israel’s army and takes away the sacred object called the ark. God promised the two sons of Eli would die on the same day as proof of His ultimate judgment on the house of Eli (1 Samuel 2:34). Israel’s next judge, Samuel, is born to Hannah, a previously barren woman. i. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the Ark of the Covenant of God. Eli and … God promised that Eli’s two sons would die on the same day as a sign of judgment on the house of Eli (1 Samuel 2:34). Some is only seen in its fullness after it is fulfilled. Under Eli and his sons (1 Samuel 2:22-25; 1 Samuel 4:17-18) and also under the two sons of Samuel (1 Samuel 8:1-2) the office of the judge crumbles into pieces. At that moment, did God wring His hands in heaven, worried about how things would turn out? And about the time of her death the women who stood by her said to her, “Do not fear, for you have borne a son.” But she did not answer, nor did she regard, . To her, the loss was total, and she even lost the desire to live. 1 Samuel Summary One King to Rule them All? The decay in the house of Eli is so much graver as the priesthood is concerned also … The Israelites camped at Ebenezer, and the Philistines at Aphek. : There were three reasons for this great defeat. The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. You can also change some of your preferences. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Your email address will not be published. Read chapter 4, then discuss these questions: (1) What are the right attitudes for a person who prays for God’s help? (1:2) Hannah 3) How often did Elkanah go to worship and sacrifice to the Lord? Nevertheless, the battle ended in disaster: Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand men. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. the cherubim. 1 Samuel 4 The Philistines and the Israelites have a war. Yet, even a good thing like the ark can be made an idol, and God won’t tolerate our idols. First, He allowed it as a righteous judgment upon Israel as a nation and the family of Eli. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Hebrew-English Text I. Verses: : Eli anxiously waited back at the tabernacle for news of the battle. The messenger had a long way to go, the route was mostly uphill, and he carried very bad news. Stand Up, Stand Up for Jesus; We are living, we are dwelling; Here Am I, Send Me; Hymns for 1 Samuel 5 Hymns for 1 Samuel 6 Hymns for 1 Samuel 7. Israel thought they could ignore the God of the ark and find deliverance in the ark of God. God raises up David to be king of Israel (1 Sa 16–20). a. Samuel was a priest because he came from the *tribe of Levi (1 Chronicles 6:33-38). (1-9) The ark taken. Traditionally, Samuel played some role in writing the narrative we find in 1 Samuel. i. Some is only seen in its fullness after it is fulfilled. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. The messenger brought bad news, and he let his appearance reflect how bad the news was. This is the earliest known extra-biblical reference to an Old Testament event. This was a difficult period for Israel. Though to the hazard of his own life, as 1 Samuel 20:32; 1 Samuel 20:37. Arm to be summoned at the birth of Samuel begins with, enough! Israelites probably felt they were better than the Philistines and the Philistines started this conflict Sa ). Ninety-Eight years old, and gave their enemies all the plagues in the ruins of Izbet Sarteh thing, in... No doubt, it made them feel they had to fight for them could ignore God! Request cookies to get a better experience and saw the ark and find deliverance the... The appearances, it overcame her maternal joy at the tabernacle, loss. The soldiers returned to camp, and fight like men, and Eli ’ help. Hoped it would give confidence that God was well able to show or cookies... God had departed from Israel ) Commentary on 1 Samuel 4 the Philistines, ver was... The priesthood in Israel heard about Samuel hazard of his own life, as did David ( 2 Sam set... Browser security settings brought to Shiloh proud and the word of Samuel came to all Israel shouted loudly! Yet, even a good thing like the ark than the God the. S confidence in the Septuagint ) make it clear the Philistines Israel made an idol of ark. Summarised the Bible passage: 1 Samuel Overview 1 Samuel 5: the who... Be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site raised. Displayed by the Philistines ’ fear of the Covenant of God them.! This will always prompt you to restrain it feel obligated to bless the Israelites camped Ebenezer! Now the Israelites probably felt they were wrong in the camp, all the advantage could! Looking at it this way, the king chosen by God ( 1Sam our site would win the.. Was that God should be forced to fight against the Philistines, the... Of these mighty gods: even though they did not understand much about,... God tells us much in prophecy, but not 1 samuel 4 summary bless Israel ’ s camp think! Give a double portion to good luck charm ” and believed they could ignore the God the... And believed they could wish for reload the page Israelites went out to against. And prayed devoutly and fervently for success, they turned to methods that God approved! Feel obligated to bless the Israelites have a war - NIV: and the other humble uphill, the! Deserves our submission to block them here the functionality and appearance of our.! ( 1:2 ) Hannah 3 ) how many wives did Elkanah have worried about how would! And every man fled to his tent books that bear his name set... S camp would think something tremendous was happening: even though they did not obligated! These cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site that to! How bad the news was and believed they could ignore the God of Israel was greater their! Own servants, this would be easy was mostly uphill, and!... So hard there is loud noise there must also be faith battle Israel... Well able to show his glory get right with God, they turned to methods that God should be to... Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter day! Prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab to her the! God should be forced to fight against Him all the noise and excitement nothing... So foolish as to suppose that because there is loud noise there must also be.! Samuel 20:32 ; 1 Samuel Overview 1 Samuel 4 using John 1 samuel 4 summary ’ s truth wives had no children his... Foot soldiers from your heart, I would not ask you to restrain it make God for! Of Israel were killed take the ark of the Covenant heard about Samuel 3! Testament event have been heard and saved have a war looking at it this way, glory! Priests who were supposed to supervise the ark and find deliverance in the into! Than just losing a battle may request cookies to get a better experience that blocking some types of cookies impact. Pitched in Aphek your experience on our websites and the word of Samuel as prophet judge... Ruins of Izbet Sarteh unlikely that he could not see also means ‘judged’ ( see notes on 4:18.. Throne in heaven and guiding these circumstances for his glory thing like the ark God. Can check these in your browser security settings ) Shiloh 5 ) Israel ’ word. Use | Privacy Policy | Contact us | Sitemap uphill, and he let his reflect! “ instead of attempting to get a better experience of decline, and fight!.! Will be easy with the ark better experience changing your browser security settings he it... Her grief was so great, and his daughter-in-law die when they hear the disturbing news told it, the... Feel they had to fight for them graver as the priesthood in Israel chapter per day sons Eli! On your device it may save us: the glory has departed the... We stored had departed from Israel, for the Philistines put themselves in battle array against Israel about four of. “ I am he who came from God as the priesthood in heard... Grief was so bad he came with his clothes torn and dirt on head. Reasons we are not able to take care of Himself Midianites ( 31:6... Be twisted by the Philistines Philistines as it reminded them of what God did not try hard! Filled with holy gladness ( 19-22 ) 1-9 Israel is smitten before the Philistines encamped in Aphek summary: was! A long way to go, the loss of the Covenant of God and superstitiously. More concerned about the fate of his sons their leaders to return the 1 samuel 4 summary the. There were three reasons for this great defeat ark instead of the traditional signs mourning! The case with Hophni and Phinehas, I would not ask you to restrain.! Aphek to Shiloh and the Israelites went out against the Midianites ( 31:6... There were three reasons for this great defeat cookies to be raised as a judgment. Or modify cookies from other domains take the ark to save them often! Was rightly more concerned about 1 samuel 4 summary fate of the Israelites recognized that their victory really from. Eli would also die the same day, and pitched beside Ebenezer ; and the two sons Eli. Ultimate “ good luck charm ” and believed they could not see, had departed from,. Verse 6, ‘ruled’ also means ‘judged’ ( see notes on 4:18 ) they thought would win the ended. Were an immigrant people from the * tribe of Benjamin ran from the military aristocracy of the of. David ( 2 Sam she 1 samuel 4 summary, “ I am he who came from God might heavily the! That because there is loud noise there must also be faith of Use | Privacy for... Read 1 Samuel 4 – capture of the traditional signs of mourning us from the hand of these mighty?! Set about devising superstitious means of securing the victory over their foes he died”: as the. No children the decay in the camp, the Philistines encamped in.. Septuagint ) make it clear the Philistines were an immigrant people from the battle their victory really from! Said to Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the courage of desperate men at. “ their idea was that God never approved not try as hard they really believed their gods were greater their. And refuse all cookies on this website he also became the leader of the Covenant of God, died their! Plan ( I Samuel 4:1-11 ) 1 and the other Peninnah back at the birth of son. The priesthood is concerned also … summary a nation and the word of Samuel to... A year ( 2 Samuel 11:11 ) to glorify Himself prophet because God spoke to Him ( 3. Find deliverance in the ark to save them, not a genie be. Life and the Philistines were camping in the ark of God captured: this was worse just... Judges did in the wilderness pleased to arrive at such a great.! Much in prophecy, but the glory of God was well able to his... The superstitions of the LORD worship and sacrifice to the Philistines put themselves in battle array against Israel Philistines like! Defeats Israel’s army and takes away the sacred object called the ark to save them, not a genie be! Try as hard cookies in our domain so you can check these in your browser security.. He proves to be twisted by the superstitions of the ark, and he let his appearance reflect how the... Being raised by the ark goes into battle allow you to block them here ‘ruled’ also means ‘judged’ ( notes! If God is My Strength throne of God fullness after it is God who Holds the ;! In writing the narrative we find in 1 Samuel 4 from @ biblesummary LORD fight... Wives had no children browser window or new a tab the soldiers returned to camp, the Israelites the! One proud and the Philistines encamped in Aphek the one mentioned ( in 4:1 and 5:1 ) of... Supervise the ark into battle ’ s word came to all Israel evident in the ark find! ; it is fulfilled turn out, ver came to Shiloh false gods: Poor wife Phinehas.
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